By 2000 New Zealand had only 6.2 million hectares of native forest. Since its founding in 1980, the Native Forest Restoration Trust has acquired land to promote the regeneration of forests, protect important species and restore their habitats, and to improve the quality of our waterways. MPI sets harvest levels and monitors and audits harvesting activity in indigenous forests under sustainable management guidelines. It has purchased and protected well over 7,000 hectares of native forests and wetlands throughout New Zealand. September 2020 saw the publication of Native Forests: Resetting the Balance, a report by the Aotearoa Circle that explores ways in which we can accelerate the regeneration of native biodiversity at scale while optimising the use of New Zealand’s land assets. Biodiversity inventory and monitoring toolbox. Between 1840 and 2000, another 8 million hectares were cleared, mostly lowland or easily accessible conifer–broadleaf forest. One group of plants will establish, over time they are replaced by another group until a final stage is reached and you have a stable, mature forest. By 2005, only about 25% of New Zealand was covered in native forest. Plant pests like Old Man's Beard smother trees. The south-west New Zealand podocarp forest primarily occurs on valley floors and lowlands in mild wet areas west of the main S Island divide. New Zealand Tourism; New Zealand Hotels; ... “ There are also lots of info on the native trees and wildlife and also the plants that have been introduced from other parts of NZ. Although most of New Zealand's indigenous forests are on conservation land, a large portion is privately-owned. environment. Not only are pine forests a haven for common New Zealand native plants, they are home to a number of endangered or threatened species. The Coromandel, on New Zealand's North Island, is known for its pristine beaches, native forests and a laid-back vibe. If you have questions about the information on this page, email indigenous.forestry@mpi.govt.nz. Top New Zealand Forests: See reviews and photos of forests in New Zealand, South Pacific on Tripadvisor. Kauri forests provide important habitat for a variety of native taxa. It gives owners options for managing their forests to harvest and mill timber. Two of the main types of native forest in New Zealand are: beech, made up of 5 species of southern beech; podocarp trees, including rimu, tōtara, miro, kahikatea, and mataī. Click here to download full report. Of all New Zealand’s kauri forests, none is more famous than Waipoua Forest on the west coast, just north of Dargaville. These animals trample the forest, eat small trees, munch on seeds and eat the leaves of growing trees. Find out about indigenous forestry and how it's managed. They are powerhouses of biodiversity. Species commonly harvested include red beech, silver beech, rimu, tōtara and tawa. The dominant trees form an uneven canopy above a dense understory. Forests cycle water between the soil and atmosphere and help make rain. The manuka tree grows only in New Zealand. Garden plants escape into the forests and become weeds. Only some trees in privately-owned forests could be cut. New Zealand's native forests have economic, environmental, cultural and recreational value. Forestry in New Zealand has a history starting with European settlement in the 19th century and is now an industry worth seven percent [citation needed] of annual revenue. New Zealand’s native forests are used to disturbance. Introduced pest animals and weeds threaten our forests. monitor and audit milling and export activities, ensure compliance with export and sawmilling controls. Native planting provides a wide range of benefits including increasing native biodiversity, creating habitat for native wildlife (insects, frogs, reptiles and birds), stabilising soil, recreating linkages and vegetation sequences, enhancing water quality and landscapes and providing a sense of place and New Zealand identity. Most of New Zealand’s timber now comes from non-native forests, or from overseas. Logging had stopped in the government’s native forests. Under the Act, native timber can only be taken from forests in a way that maintains forest cover and ecological balance. There Are Only 11 Deciduous Native New Zealand Trees. New native forests either planted or naturally regenerated after 1989, can participate in either the forestry provisions of the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) or the Permanent Forest Sink Initiative (PFSI). Underneath those … New Zealand Tourism; New Zealand Hotels; ... “ There are also lots of info on the native trees and wildlife and also the plants that have been introduced from other parts of NZ. Such abundance is still noticeable. Lianas and creepers cover the trees. Get your hands dirty! All work must be done in line with the Forests Act 1949 and its relevant amendments. The tuatara, moa, kiwi, kōkako, saddleback, huia, kākāpō, native frogs and giant carnivorous land snails are just some of the species that are unique to New Zealand. As a result of Consideration of the effects of red deer and opossums on the native forests of New Zealand illustrates the difficulties in distinguishing animal-induced changes from other types of vegetation change. Any consideration of the native forests of New Zealand would be incomplete without mention of one key factor: introduced and alien species. Get involved in activities around the country, and find out about volunteering for conservation. The history of land use in New Zealand included the clearing of native forests for pastoral farming. They thrive in warm, humid areas, and their current range reaches no further south than 38ºS. About 10–15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock. In many cases, the steeper hill country that was cleared proved uneconomical to farm. The earliest records of native birds colonising pine forests were made in the 1940s. ensure compliance with sustainable forest management provisions. Volunteer for planting, weeding, and pest control projects. People around the country are planting trees on Maori and private land, on public reserves, in schools and backyards. The climate outlook for our native forests is a mixed bag. 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