5.3.1 Surface irrigation 5.3.2 Sprinkler irrigation 5.3.3 Drip irrigation. There must be a proper system to send out excess or waste water in any country. Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Technology & Engineering - 242 pages. The irrigated area in the Aral Sea basin totals about 7. 7.2.1 Water salinity 7.2.2 Soil salinity. The Inter-Relationship Between Irrigation, Drainage and the Environment in the Aral Sea Basin. 6.2.1 Surface drainage 6.2.2 Subsurface drainage. Irrigation and drainage - Irrigation and drainage - Construction and maintenance: Most subsurface drains are constructed by excavating a trench, installing a tile, and backfilling the trench. There are two types of agriculture systems based on the source of water supply. 5 million hectare. Sewage. In addition by applying drip irrigation instead of surface and sprinkle irrigation methods, the land suitability of 6,275 ha (21.42%) of this plain will improve. Bos. Browse the 2020 Editor's Choice list of articles The authors belong to the top experts in the sector and are well recognised by their colleagues. Drainage systems and sewage systems are used for this purpose. One basic issue defying humanity today is the way to deal with the heightening rivalry for water between extending metropolitan focuses, customary rural exercises and in-stream water utilizes directed by environmental concerns mainly heavy rainfalls due to typhoons/ tropical cyclone. They illustrate the spectrum and global spreading of topics that are dealt with in Irrigation and Drainage as one of the leading journals in the fields of water management and flood protection. Volume 55, Issue S1. Therefore, inefficient or bad irrigation water and drainage systems are a major cause of excess leakage and increase the risk of salinity and waterlogging in irrigation areas. 7.1 Salinization 7.2 Salinity. CHAPTER 7 - SALTY SOILS. M.G. 5.4 Drainage system. Irrigation and Drainage. CHAPTER 6 - DRAINAGE. Drainage removes excess water to ensure a favourable salt balance in the soil and a water table elevation optimum for crop growth and development. In arid and semiarid areas, drainage is a necessary complement of irrigation. Salination from irrigation water is also greatly increased by poor drainage and use of saline water for irrigating agricultural crops. Difference Between Drip Irrigation and Sprinkler Irrigation. If an agriculture system is totally based on the rainfall, it is known as rain fed agriculture. Sewage vs Drainage. 2. November 5, 2011 Posted by Admin. These factors (including soil texture, soil depth, calcium carbonates status, electrical conductivity of soil solution, drainage properties and slope) were also considered and values were assigned to each as per the related tables (Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5, Table 6, Table 7) [Sys et al. Research Article. 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