Copyright 2021 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, On Track: How States Fund and Support Public Transportation, he role states and particularly state legislatures play in supporting and funding public transportation typically is not a well-understood dynamic. In fact it is one of the only major resources statewide. In other words, according to the American Public Transportation Association's economic impact report, investing in public transit is a solid way to help develop a robust, thriving city. It also briefly discusses some ways to ensure that transit spending can best fulfill its policy goals. This. Agencies may also provide such parking at the agency’s office for van pools and car pools. A 2014 study found that even non-users support transit at the voting booth due to public transportation’s public benefits to society. New York State Department of Transportation coordinates operation of transportation facilities and services including highway, bridges, railroad, mass transit, port, waterway and aviation facilities Our deepest gratitude goes to this multitude of experts who provided interviews and quotes, fact-checked and edited the case studies, and offered their insight about innovations in the states. Nearly 68 percent of respondents supported increased federal spending, and nearly 74 percent agreed that tax dollars should be used to create, expand and improve public transportation. Although public transportation typically is regarded as serving those Americans living in large metropolitan and urban regions, more transit agencies actually serve rural areas than urban ones. While the most common state-level support for public transportation comes in the form of funding, other types of program support exist. On Track: How States Fund and Support Public Transportation (Full Report). The New York State Department of Transportation distributes about $3.0 billion annually in Statewide Mass Transportation Operating Assistance (STOA), and other transportation assistance, to approximately 130 transit operators. These funds may be used (as capital funding) for public transportation capital improvements, car and vanpool projects, fringe and corridor parking facilities, bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and intercity or intracity bus terminals and bus facilities. Congress initiated aid to the states for highways in 1916, and it launched construction of the interstate highway system in 1956. To get projects moving quickly, the Government is funding up to 50 per cent of eligible costs for projects. Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport, in contrast to private transport, for passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip. New York State transit systems carry nearly one-third of the nation's transit riders and provide nearly one-quarter of transit services nationwide. Tolls, user fees, and utility rates are the most obvious way to generate revenue from a public asset. Of particular note, Leann Stelzer was instrumental in editing and formatting the report. Their answers informed the entire report and helped construct a rich examination of the state role in public transportation. This report highlights the many successful state efforts to provide high-quality transit options, with an emphasis on state legislative actions. A 2014 survey conducted by the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) asked respondents about their feelings on funding for public transportation. Different types of financing arrangements such as leases and public private partnerships have been used to fund the procurement of materials and activities. New funding for public transportation can come to states from a variety of different sources. STP provides the greatest flexibility in the use of funds. However, taxpayers and consumers would be better off if transportation activities were privatized, which has been a global trend. New funding for public transportation can come to states from a variety of different sources. The report also benefited enormously from the contributions, suggestions and input of many state legislators, state agency staff and other knowledgeable stakeholders. While the most common state-level support for public transportation comes in the form of funding, other types of program support exist. These can be crucial for low-income or middle-income residents who live far from job centers and desire more affordable transportation options. Your donation supports U.S. PIRG’s work to stand up for consumers on the issues that matter, especially when powerful interests are blocking progress. Rail transportation played a key role in the development of the U.S. in the 19 th and first half of the 20 th Century. Many states use common funding sources to support transit: motor fuel taxes, state transportation funds, general funds and automobile-related fees or taxes. The Department of Transportation subsidizes and regulates highways, airports, air traffic control, urban transit, passenger rail, and other activities. America’s population increasingly lives and works in the suburbs where transit appears less relevant and its benefits less direct. Many states use common funding sources to support transit: motor fuel taxes, state transportation funds, general funds and automobile-related fees or taxes. Many states use common funding sources to support transit: motor fuel taxes, state transportation funds, general funds and automobile-related fees or taxes. Join our network and stay up to date on our campaigns, get important consumer updates and take action on critical issues. Denver, CO 80230 Parking costs are treated separately from transit costs, even if they are incurred in conjunction with an employee’s use of public transit or vanpools. Too numerous to be named here, their efforts immeasurably strengthened the final product. State actions are organized into five categories in this report: Throughout the report, specific state programs and initiatives are examined in detail to explore traditional, innovative and emerging methods of state support for public transportation. You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. Accelerated design, implementation and construction work for new large-scale projects, such as new light rail transit lines in Greater Vancouver and Ottawa. Appropriated funds may not be used for these purposes unless exceptional circumstances exist. The National Conference of State Legislatures first and foremost thanks the Rockefeller Foundation for the support and vision that made this report possible. The ATP is a major source of funding for active transportation improvements. While the most common state-level support for public transportation comes in the form of funding, other types of program support exist. local income taxes to be earmarked for public transit, or of imposing and raising consumer taxes (including the drink tax, gas tax, sales tax, etc.) Over the past five years statewide ridership has increased by about 13%; it is estimated that more than 70% of these trips are work related. primarily from bond … These include: sales taxes, general revenues, development fees and additional funds from the federal government. Financing the construction, operation and maintenance of public transportation systems involves many different types of funding sources, including federal and non-federal grants, cooperative agreements, loans, and revenue sources. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for its ongoing support that allows NCSL to comprehensively track traffic safety legislative trends across the nation. 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