During this time Lam’s work moved towards a modernist style, as he began to experiment with cubisttechniques and showed an interest in the surrealists’ exploration of the subconscious and automatism. 103 (illustrated in color). Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who developed close ties to the surrealist movement and artists in the Cobra group. Lam, Wilfredo (1902-1982) -1941 Papaya and Cane (Private Collection) Oil on canvas; 147.3 x 116.8 cm. Provenance. Roberto Matta, El Profeta (The Prophet), 1948, oil on canvas, 39 1⁄2 and 33 in. The presence of occult elements became more dominant in his work from 1947 and his work gained international momentum. Wifredo Lam was exposed to various works of art at the Prado Museum, from Hieronymus Bosch to Henri Matisse, as well as latest tendencies embodied in Surrealism. From 1920 to 1923 Lam first studied at the Academy San Alejandro in Havana. Cuban artist Wifredo Lam joined Breton and his Surrealist circle in 1940, after they went into self-exile in Martinique. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,705 artworks on artnet. Wifredo Lam died September 11, 1982, in Paris. (Sagua La Grande-Cuba, 1902 - Paris, 1982), Pen and Indian ink, pencil, wash and watercolour on paper Political and domestic economic crisis (1930 – 1933) The economic crisis in Spain had dire consequences for Lam’s own financial situation. +33 (0)1 40 15 00 15 | galerie.des.modernes@orange.fr, 13, rue des Saints-Pères 75006 PARIS. A work by Cuban surrealist painter Wifredo Lam sells for $4.5m at an auction in New York, a record price for one of his works. Jul 14, 2016 - Wifredo Lam was a Cuban-born painter, draughtsman, and sculptor, born to a Chinese father and Afro-Cuban mother in 1902. 21 x 19.7 cm (dimensions of the composition), Provenance : PANEL. The lush nature of Sagua La Grande and derived beliefs Cuban voodoo causes since childhood a striking impact on Lam. Artists; Bookshop; About; Contact; Close. References. View Wifredo Lam’s 3,707 artworks on artnet. Josep Llorens Artigas. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. … A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. ‘Gravure, Uno’ was created in 1967 by Wifredo Lam in Surrealism style. The transformation into a horse is the very condition of entry into a trance. After graduating from Havana’s Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes San Alejandro, he won a scholarship in 1923 to study at the Museo del Prado in Madrid, where he stayed until 1938, when he moved to Paris. Art Studies. Inscribed in the archives of the estate Wifredo Lam, Certificate of authenticity by Mr. Eskil Lam, Paris on November 28, 2017. your own Pins on Pinterest. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists.A native Cuban, Lam hailed from Chinese, European, Indian, and mixed-African descent, and he was deeply influenced by African spiritual practices such as Santeria. While there he befriended Pablo Picasso, who introduced Lam to leading artists, including André Breton, Joan Miró and Óscar Domínguez, and writers such as Benjamin Péret and Pierre Mabille. A major early 20th-century painter, the Cuban artist Wifredo Lam is celebrated for fusing elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture. Painted in 1944. Lam is remembered by his Surrealist … 7:00 mins in: Surrealism became a scapegoat for the primitivizing fantasies of the West. Painted in 1964, the same year Wifredo Lam won the Guggenheim International Award, Untitled is a quintessential example of the acclaimed artist’s late work. Transnational Surrealism - Tropiques, Wifredo Lam and Aime Cesaire Back in April 2011, Prof Dawn Ades (Oxford U/ Dept of History) 53 mins lecture on the 1941 collaboration between the Cesaires and the Cuban-born artist Wifredo Lam, who had met in Martinique in April 1941. Reacting to the devastation of the First World War, the artists active in Dada mined the legacy of earlier modern movements such as Futurism, Cubism, and Expressionism to spawn an anti-art program of dissent and agitation. While Dada as a movement disintegrated around 1922, several of the artists and many of their ideas reemerged in the Surrealist movement. Wifredo Lam (Cuban 1902-1982) Untitled (Idoli) signed 'Wifredo Lam' (lower right and again on the reverse) oil on canvas 19 7/8 x 15¾ in. 24.3 x 31.4 cm (dimensions of the paper) Wifredo Lam dared to dismantle it, fully expose it and forever changed Cuban art. He continues to exhibit and travel as a citizen of the world through the end of his life. At the time of his son Wifredo’s birth, Yam Lam was already eighty-four years old. Between 1918 and 1923, Lam studied painting at the Escuela de Bellas Artes, but preferred painting outdoors to the traditional academic setting. (99 x 70 cm.) APPROPRIATING AND SYNTHESIZING CUBISM AND SURREALISM: WIFREDO LAM’S 1940S CUBAN WORKS Kelsey Winiarski ARTH 5750: Critical Issues in World Art November, 7, 2013 . His mother was Cuban of African and Spanish descent, and Wifredo was one of eight children. The Cuban-born artist Wifredo Lam (who was of mixed Afro-Chinese-Cuban descent), was another important artist in the Surrealist movement. Previous | Next. Surrealism helped lay the groundwork for that rediscovery. Taking their name from the French word for “hobbyhorse”­—reportedly chosen at random from the dictionary—the Dadaists rebelled against prevailing notions of artistic taste, materialism, and societal conventions. Search. Wifredo Lam: List of works - All Artworks by Date 1→10. Wifredo Lam Surrealism. See more ideas about cuban art, art, artist. Inner psychological states, dreams, hallucinatory visions, and the subconscious occupied these artists, who were united by shared ideas rather than a single visual style. PANEL. In the mornings he would attend his conservative teacher's studio, while he spent his evenings working alongside young, nonconformist painters. A pivotal figure of Latin American modern art, Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Cuba, the son of a Chinese father and an Afro-Cuban mother of Spanish descent. In 1968, Lam was included in the itinerant exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, Dada, Surrealism and Their Heritage. While Lam's early paintings were in the modernistSpanish tradition, hi… Wifredo Lam “Rhythm as Aesthetics, Art as Event: On Wifredo Lam’s Surrealism” Wyatt Sarafin New York University Two years after his return to Cuba, the surrealist painter Wifredo Lam had completed his most celebrated work, The Jungle, in 1943. Wifredo Lam: Imagining New Worlds, a retrospective currently on view at Atlanta’s High Museum of Art, examines his relationship to literature. A major early 20th-century painter, Wifredo Lam fused elements of Cubism and Surrealism with African culture in paintings that were exhibited alongside those of Pablo Picasso and other Cubists and Fauvists. by Kathy Zimmerer (Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills) A rich treasure trove of Surrealist-inspired drawings by Wifredo Lam chronicles a period from 1940-41, when he was literally in a artistc and personal limbo at the Chateau de Air-Bel in Marseilles during 1940-41 .Lam was an enigmatic artist … The doors of Surrealism had opened to him. The Menil Collection enjoys a well-deserved reputation for its outstanding holdings of artists related to these movements. At the Prado, he discovered and was awed by the work of Hieronymus Bosch and Pieter Bruegel I. Galleria Sianesi, Milan. He drew on the magical world of his childhood, drawing inspiration from Oceanian art but also from Cuban religious ceremonies such as the Santería or the Afro-Cuban initiatory rites of the secret society Abakuá. Wifredo Lam met the German Surrealist Max Ernst during his stay in the French port town of Marseilles between 1940 and 1941, at the onset of the Second World War.The friendship between them, characterized by camaraderie and mutual admiration, endured beyond their wartime exodus. Wifredo Lam was born in Cuba in 1902 of mixed heritage, and pursued a successful artistic career on both sides of the Atlantic. Profoundly shaped by his native country, Lam created a unique body of work that married the audacity of Western avant-garde painting and imagery from African and Caribbean cultures. Cuban artist Wifredo Lam’s early paintings were in the modernist Spanish tradition though by the 1930s the influence of Surrealism appeared. In Lam, the Woman-Horse does not designate a mythological creature half-woman half-horse but a woman possessed by a deity called oricha. The Dada movement emerged in Zurich, Switzerland, at the Cabaret Voltaire in 1916. The Menil also has work by Hans Arp, Joseph Cornell, Giorgio de Chirico, Salvador Dalí, Marcel Duchamp, Alberto Giacometti, Paul Klee, Wifredo Lam, Roberto Matta, Joan Miró, Meret Oppenheim, Francis Picabia, Yves Tanguy, and Dorthea Tanning. The deep impact of the Surrealist movement on Latin American art is made clear through a major exhibition in Florida. APPROPRIATING AND SYNTHESIZING CUBISM AND SURREALISM: WIFREDO LAM’S 1940S CUBAN WORKS Kelsey Winiarski ARTH 5750: Critical Issues in World Art November, 7, 2013 . Wifredo Lam was a Cuban artist who developed close ties to the surrealist movement and artists in the Cobra group. It soon sprang up in Berlin, Cologne, Hannover, New York, and Paris. Much more centralized and with its headquarters in Paris, Surrealism was founded by the poet André Breton, who acted as the primary spokesman and gatekeeper for the group. Pierre de Ligny  Boudreau Collection, Paris (past member of staff of the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York), Literature : Although the painting techniques Lam used combined elements from Surrealism and Cubism, the end result did not belong to any other style present during his time. Biography. The work is a highlight of the upcoming Impressionist & Modern Art Day Sale on 13 November in New York. Lam began The Jungle, his best-known work, in 1943. Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) is an internationally renowned Cuban artist, particularly celebrated for his painting that combines the heritage of his Afro-Caribbean origins, the assimilation of the French avant-garde and a passion for African sculptures.Lam’s practice reflects the rich and diverse cultural mix of his native country, as he was born at the turn of the … Saved by Surrealist Revolution. I n the 1940s André Breton and a group of his Surrealist friends (Wifredo Lam, Max Ernst, Jacqueline Lamba, Oscar Dominguez, Victor Brauner, Jacques Hérold, André Masson and Frédéric Delanglade) were stranded in the French port of Marseilles whilst attempting to escape Nazi-occupied Europe and gain passage to America. Wifredo Lam died September 11, 1982, in Paris. His peripatetic life brought him into contact with all the avant-garde movements of his times―cubism, surrealism, CoBrA―whose incentives for greater freedom in art, for unleashing the unconscious, and for exploring the “marvelous” through automatic writing had great impact on his … Apparently full of compassion and aware of social inequality which was related to his own background, the artist was quite moved by the hard lives of Spanish peasants and became involved in Spanish Civil War . Wifredo Lam (Sagua La Grande-Cuba, 1902 - Paris, 1982) Sans titre, 1949 . In November 1942, the Pierre Matisse Gallery in New York organized its first solo exhibition Wifredo Lam. Wifredo Lam was a twentieth century Cuban artist and one of the most influential ones in Latin American Modernism. 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